Everything you need to know about wine


Have you ever gone to an expensive restaurant, ordered wine, and when the waiter asked you what he started to list the types, you looked at him as if he spoke a foreign language? Relax! This is already past. 
Unlike other drinks, wine is a symbol of the good life and love. It is no coincidence that it was called the drink of the gods. And if we did not manage to attract your attention with this, here is another reason – wine is healthy. Medical research claims that both red and white wine are rich in antioxidants. And you know how useful they are to you.


White wine


The first thing that is good to know about white wine is that it is not actually white but yellow. Obtained from white or red grapes in solitary confinement (this is a wine that flows from a vessel under the action of the natural weight of the fruit). Since the color of the wine is obtained from the contact of the liquid extracts with the grains of the grains, which contain coloring agents called tannins, this contact must be avoided. Tannins are also the culprits for wine aging and for this reason white wines last less than red ones. The color of these wines varies from transparent to deep golden yellow with shades depending on the variety, vintage and climate. White wines have a wide range of flavors – from very dry to sweet. They are the perfect drink for summer.


Red wine


Unlike white wines, red wines are made only from red grapes. The color is obtained from the membrane of the seeds. It can be saturated red to transparent red with hints of violet (cabernet), depending on the aging – tile brown shades. It is traditionally aged in oak barrels. Ideal for colder weather.


Rose


Contrary to popular belief, the rose is not made by mixing white and red wine. It is produced from red grapes using white wine technology. This means that in order to obtain the delicate pink color, the contact of the liquid with the skins of the seeds is very small (several hours), after which they are removed.


Sparkling wine


Most of us know sparkling wine as champagne. But “champagne” is the name given to only one type of sparkling wine. It is made in the Champagne region of France. The most expensive brands of champagne in the world are called Bruce Clicquot and Dom Perignon. Veuve Clicquot is named after madame Clicquot who created the method by which champagne is created and Dom Perignon after the monk who made important contributions to the production and quality of champagne.


Rituals


CoolingAs a rule, white wine is always served cold – between 6 and 12 degrees Celsius, but never put ice inside. The same goes for the rose. White wine is a drink for hot summer days. Red wine is usually stored at room temperature but is served at 16 to 18 degrees Celsius. This means that you can immerse the bottle in ice before consumption. Drink sparkling wine with a temperature of 4 to 5 degrees, and champagne – from 6 to 8 degrees.


How to store it


The wine likes dark, cool rooms with higher humidity. It is desirable, but not necessary, to keep the bottle in a horizontal position to avoid problems with the cork.


Wine left in the bottle


To store the remaining wine, find a small bottle and pour until the wine reaches the edge. Put the cork so that it overflows a little. This ensures that there is no air left in the bottle. Keep it in the refrigerator, but consume it within a week at the latest.


If you drink different types of wine
Always start with light before heavy wines, young before old, white before red.

Always hold the glass by the stool – so you don’t affect the temperature of the wine. Put your glass against the light and look at the color carefully. Most wines have a clear color, change their hue when they catch the light. There is no exact or perfect color for every wine. If the light is not good enough, you can apply a white sheet or handkerchief. You will immediately be able to tell whether the main color is pale or dark. Pale color means pink for red wines and amber for white. Dark color indicates deep red, maroon or ruby ​​in red wines and dark yellow in white. Once you have established the color, place your glass on a flat surface and, holding it by the bottom, turn it without lifting it from the table. Now you take it back and poke your nose into it to feel the scent. Each wine has a distinct bouquet. For example, if it smells like flowers, then it can be defined as “floral”. If you smell the tempting aroma of fruit, it is called “fruity”. Drink slowly with some air in your mouth. Different parts of the mouth are sensitive to different aromas and sensations. The tip of the tongue is responsible for the sweet, the side parts – for the sour, and the back – for the bitter.


Combinations with food


Wines complement the food perfectly. Whites usually accompany salads, pasta with a light sauce, seafood and fish, poultry. Red – Indian food, especially spicy, red meat. Wines can be consumed with desserts, fruit platters and cheeses, but remember that the wine must be sweeter than the dessert, because otherwise its taste will be dulled. There are also foods that are called “wine killers”, do not consume wine with them. They are: broccoli, asparagus, tomatoes and olives.

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